Irregular Shape Pond Volume
With simple shapes, multiplying surface area by depth gives us volume.
Most ponds, however, are not simple shapes, so they need to be broken up into several different calculations. The first step is to work out the surface area of the whole pond.
By dividing the ponds surface into shapes, you can work out the surface area for each shape and add the results together to get a surface area for the whole pond
Step 1 - Surface areaThe surface of most ponds can be measured as several different shapes. From these measurements you can work out the surface area of each shape and add them together for a total surface area for your pond.
Trapezoid surface areaArea = C/2 x (A+B)
Rectangle surface areaArea = (AxB)
Circle surface areaArea = (Pi Π x r2)
Triangles surface areaArea = (AxB)/2
Add together all your pond surface area measurements to give a total area.
Step 2 - Average depthNow you have a surface area figure, you need a depth figure to work out volume. If your pond has a flat bottom with no ledges and steep sides, you can just use the maximum depth.
If your pond has an uneven, undulating depth with gradients or ledges, you will need to work out an average depth figure to use.
To work out average depth divide your pond into a grid and measure the depth of each area. If you add all these areas together and divide by the number of areas measured, you will get an average depth.
Add together all your depth measurements and divide by the number of measurements taken to obtain your average depth. E.g. for 6 measurements (M): (M1+M2+M3+M4+M5+M6) ÷ 6 = Average Depth
Step 3 - VolumeEnter your total surface area (cm²) and average depth (cm) below to obtain your pond volume